Monday, April 13, 2020

Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global

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Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global

Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous
COVID-19 pandemic disease has spread to almost every country on earth. And yet, many US officials call it the "Wuhan virus" or "Chinese virus."

Chinese American enmity in this regard is nothing new. But while deliberately achieving a political goal for the Trump administration, with Wuhan, and China in general, Kwid-Dabai's disease, it has important implications for civil society and public health as well.

As public health and modern African historian, I study politics and respond to infectious diseases. In addition to inflating racism, emphasizing the external and external origins of disease also affects how people perceive their risk of disease and whether they change their behavior.

WHO guidelines are clear
Although the onset of a new disease may seem intuitive, its history suggests that doing so may harm people living there.

This can result in economic difficulties, as tourists retreat, investment cools and people's solidarity weakens. Connecting a particular disease to a specific location can lead to prejudice, notoriety and to avoid a city or town.
The WHO tried to end the disease with ventilation, as was the case with Cody 19's cousin, Marys (Middle East respiratory syndrome) in 2012, and many others in the past.

Therefore, on February 11, the WHO recommended the use of the COVID-19, referring to the new coronavirus, which was currently making people sick and dead in Central China and other parts of East Asia. Other experts agreed, but they distinguished between the virus that causes the disease, known as SARS-KO-2, and the disease itself.

The name Pathogen (a coronavirus, VOC), appears due to the nature of the disease (an infectious disease), and it's the beginning year (2019).

A long tradition of naming places
When a disease is identified, a place has a long history of being labeled.

In the 19th century, as global trade and mobility allowed cholera to spread to the Ganges Delta since its inception, the disease quickly became known as "Asian cholera." The label lasted for decades, meaning the entire continent was blamed for a disease that could spread anywhere on poor hygiene.
For Europeans and Americans at that time, Asia, Asia was a foreign and remote location. Describing the catastrophic cholera disease as "Asian" fits the ethnic imperialist ideology that hampered the intelligence and culture of non-white populations around the world. It also helped justify serious measures and travel restrictions for those who read "Asian", not European. For example, Muslim pilgrims from South Asia to Mecca were subject to different laws than European military ships traveling on the same routes.

Ideas about this disease changed in the late 1800s when scientists used new labs to link specific pathogens (bacteria, parasites, and later, viruses) to specific diseases. At times it gave an ancient problem, such as "consumption," a scientific name that became a TB medical entity.

But these new techniques also allowed researchers to correlate pathogens with specific sites. Named after a place, it was immediately normal to name a disease.

So the Rift Valley fever, caused by a virus in the Bonaireidae family, got its name from an area of ​​colonial Kenya where it was first reported.

The Hunta virus is related to the Hunan River in South Korea, where Dr. Ho-Wang Li first identified the virus. Scientists deliberately chose this name and tried to prevent any city from being the source of fever.

Focusing on a particular place creates something special that could happen anywhere. There is nothing particularly striking about the Nigerian city of Lisa. Lisa was the first place where the death of a white missionary caught the attention of the authorities. And yet, after that moment, when "Lassa Fever" came to identify a terrible hemorrhagic fever, the city of Lassa became its shadow.

Similarly, Norwalk, Ohio, is still linked to its affiliation with the Norovirus, first known in 1968 in an outbreak in the small Midwestern town. 
Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global

To commit a crime by name
In China, insists on emphasizing the origin of COVID-19, though the disease is now global, plays with racial stereotypes, including culture and food.

For example, around the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD), people in West Africa were mistakenly blamed for widespread outbreaks.

The earliest EVD talk, especially marked by the African name, focused on eating the term neophyte, "Ghoshmate," which describes the meat of hunted animals rather than pets. Talking about "inclusiveness" allowed people with EVD to have an ancient or exotic feature. It also indicated that West Africans were the first to bring EVDs around the world because of what they eat or how they live their lives.

In fact, ahead of rural Guinea, the widespread prevalence of EVD in 2014-15 had much to do with the health-related health of the affected countries and had little to do with food.

A similar process revealed with claims that a "wet market" in Wuhan was responsible for the spread of the zoonotic, which resulted in Quid19. Scientists do not yet know how relevant Wuhan's livestock market is to this global outbreak, though they do know that viruses jump from animals to humans and return frequently.

Recent research suggests that a "wet market" in Wuhan was related to human-to-human interaction, rather than as a place of contact with humans. Ultimately, Wuhan's historic status as a national high-speed rail and commercial hub maybe even more important for the widespread of COVID-19 than where and how people ate and ate.

Focusing on the wrong things
For the biologist and epidemiologist, it is important to understand the disease environment and the transmission patterns at one point. But permanently linking disease to a particular location, especially when there are other terms of consensus, becomes the focus of public attention just before the outbreak.

This focus focuses on how the emerging disease has reached the human population, sending a mixed message about who is at risk of infection or how to prevent it from the ongoing outbreak. Exactly the same situation is currently happening in the United States.

Once a disease begins to circulate in a human population, its approach is to try to stay healthy with the general public or to engage in healthcare professionals who can control one outbreak from one person to another. Is trying, For example, good hygiene of hands and respiratory tract. Or access to medical care.

In addition, labeling China or Wuhan in the midst of this global outbreak discourages the sense of responsibility and basic human interaction, the values ​​that are important during this humanitarian crisis.

For many Americans focusing on the emergence of the new Coronavirus in a foreign location, US officials are emphasizing the disease's past origins rather than its current danger. The re-creation of COVID-19's "foreign" origin in Wuhan and China gives governments a chance to accuse it. But it also allows people to justify their lack of caution: this is an "over there" problem, not that "we" get worse, rather than reduce the spread of the disease. Take the necessary daily steps.

Calling COVID-19 a "Wuhan virus" or a "Chinese virus" is ridiculous when it is spread across the globe. Deliberately referring to COVID-19 as a "Chinese virus" only arouses enmity and is a hindrance to real healthcare practices and diseases.

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