Monday, March 30, 2020

Emerging languages: common sense in the era of artificial intelligence

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Emerging languages: common sense in the era of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence If there is something that has characterized us, humans, since our origins, it has been the fact of wanting to communicate and to communicate in very different ways: see the child who cries because he is hungry; the employee who works in the sun and in the shade to indirectly achieve a salary increase; a photo on Instagram, which uploaded by some of us, awaits the reaction of our followers in a matter of seconds (not always with the expected likes); the smile of two anonymous cyclists leaving behind a row of cars in a traffic jam; the cave paintings in the Altamira Caves; the shouts of joy for having won a sporting event; or the feeling of liberation that a scientist feels, after sleepless nights, because his research has borne the expected fruit: his autonomous vehicle is capable of driving without a driver and, most importantly, without incident.

"The public" in the era of smart machines:
Each of these examples discussed immediately above is part of the different ways, through which we communicate -and even by refining a little more- express states, desires, needs or appeal What unites all these communication processes is that, in each specific case, the sender of the message tries to make clear through a common language an intention, which in turn must be interpreted by the receiver in the same way, so that so you can talk about effective communication. Some of these forms of communication or a common language may be that of shouting for joy at the victory of our team, which unites, for example, the fans of a sports team, and which in turn does not differ much from the way in which the spectators of the Roman circus expressed their joy, before the triumph of
It would be strange that in front of a victory any spectator or fan breaks down crying, although of course, you can also cry with joy, it does not. However, the last example, the one that concerns the existence of autonomous vehicles, especially in the laboratories of the engineers who program them, is not a “sine qua non” condition, so that there were many pedestrians who in the middle of 2019, dare to cross the street in front of a driverless vehicle driven only by software.
That before taking the leap of introducing a new form of "intelligent" communication between humans, there must have been a pattern of behavior, which, already widely accepted by a majority, manages to establish itself as a standard endowed with meaning for the members of a group, society, or nation. So to speak, the “common sense” shared by the majority would be to wait for this technology to guarantee safety on the roads if it is not possible 100%, but it is quite high, in addition to having legal mechanisms that guarantee us protection, against possible infractions or accidents.
Thus, many authors and from different disciplines have tried to define what is understood by common sense. Some of the efforts to define this term are included in this article, which is specifically limited to what philosophers such as Aristotle, Descartes and pragmatists understood by this concept. However, in the closing of this same article, the author expresses how complicated it is to define this term with the following words:

Since it seems that both mobile phones and WhatsApp-type messaging systems have always been with us (although not even 15 years ago), I invite you to do a little experiment. The test consists of all those who have relatives currently over 90 years old (to choose a somewhat random age) to put on some wireless headphones (they are even more striking) and communicate to them that they request music with their virtual assistant correspondent.
Surely there are not two similar reactions since each one expresses itself in its own way, but I can almost assure you, that many of them, would use in the description while enjoying a song suppose from the happy twenties, an expression similar to “this it's magic! ” to refer to either an "evil clunker" or to designate a new "technological milestone" that makes life on earth more flexible for humans.

Obtaining Certain models specifically to achieve them:
The examples cited seem to speak for themselves and if we analyze them metaphorically through a “social microscope”, it is not so simple to deny or affirm that there is a certain common sense, which is what has allowed us and allows us to evolve or, by using a concept that is increasingly taking over the technoscientific world, has emerged. About this term, and its scope is what the popular science writer Steven Johnson talks about in his book Emerging Systems, or what ants, neurons, cities, and software have in common.

With an emergency Johnson refers to "intelligent behaviors" that not only concern the human species but also ant colonies, cities and the operation of the network of networks, to cite some of the examples mentioned in the book. And it is that it is this set of cases, surely not chosen at random, that serve Johnson to explain how agents of a lower level adopt behaviors typical of a higher level, that is, ants create colonies; the urbanites neighborhoods; and software programs an intelligent internet.
Each of these behavior patterns undoubtedly contains its own language, and obviously in many of the cases indecipherable by and for the human being, such as the way in which ants communicate when using pheromones, sounds, and touch. Although we also have other causes of a more complex nature, such as unraveling why cities, which, plunged into apparent chaos, operate fluidly and even in an orderly manner, even when the volumes of traffic jams at peak times could tell us just the opposite.

Apparently, there is some kind of similarity that unites all these cases and it is what Steve Johnson calls self-organization, which he himself describes as: “what makes you become more intelligent with the passage of time with the ultimate purpose of responding to changing and specific needs of a certain environment. We have built emerging systems to recommend new books, recognize voices, find friends. ”

From the beginning of their existence, complex organisms have lived under the laws of self-organization, but in recent years our lives have been invaded by artificial emergencies ”.

Emerging languages: common sense in the era of artificial intelligence

Now, is everything that can be designed, programmed and implemented advisable and desirable? At what point in the development of artificial intelligence did ethics begin to play an important role? Without a doubt, one of the key moments was in 2016, when the first death occurred from an automatically piloted car, as reported in this article. This fact marked a point of inflection and reflection to try to change, rectify and even create legislation to accommodate a new technological, social and economic reality if you want to extrapolate to all the areas it affects, which until then it was more a part of science fiction movies than of public roads anywhere in the world.
It is these extreme events, which in many cases regrettably correspond to dramatic events, that make the structure up to that moment evolve to be static in a society, which is practically focused on certain disasters since there are no legislative mechanisms, nor a certain dialogue among the professionals in charge of both the ideation, implementation and regulation of these new scenarios.
While in Europe the regulation of artificial intelligence is a fact, in other countries like China, there is a legal vacuum or some opacity when it comes to regulating these emerging technologies. This Asian country was in the news again a few months ago due to the introduction of so-called smart uniforms in various educational centers, which allow, among other things, as described here, to control the entry and exit of students from the school in the name of increasing efficiency.

The description of "ordinary people" is a paradox to address:
There will come a day perhaps when we will trust more of software to drive a vehicle or an airplane, than a human. We will not know if the vehicle will be endowed with common sense, but perhaps that specific technology will have reached a level of improvement that car accidents, which today are still one of the main causes of death in the world, which are something From the past.
In the same way, I wonder if the artificial intelligence systems in China, which are already in charge of monitoring their citizens, could develop that common sense so longed for by machines by humans, being able to discern to what extent they spy to the subject they monitor, without damaging what is still called privacy and refusing to provide certainty. This future and unrealistic scenario for the moment would put the future of humans like that of machines in a win-win relationship.

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Emerging languages: common sense in the era of artificial intelligence
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