Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Ebola Virus Infection, Symptoms, prevention, Treatment

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Ebola Virus Infection, Symptoms, prevention, Treatment

Ebola virus infection

Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes fever, body aches and dysentery and sometimes bleeds in and out of the body. When the virus spreads in the body, it can damage the immune system and organs. Finally, it reduces the level of blood clot cells. It can cause severe, uncontrolled bleeding. The disease is known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever but is now known as the Ebola virus. It kills 90% of infected people.

How do you get Ebola?

Ebola is not as infectious as common viruses such as colds, influenza or measles. It spreads to people by exposure to the skin or body fluids of an infected animal, such as a monkey, chimpanzee or fruit bat. Then it moves from one person to another. People who look after a sick person or bury their dead. Other methods to achieve Ebola are contaminated needles or touching surfaces. You cannot get Ebola through air, water or food. A person who has Ebola but does not have symptoms does not spread the disease. Signs and symptoms of the Ebola virus can be found anywhere from 2 to 21 days after being exposed to the virus, on average 8 to 10 days. The course of the disease usually begins with "dry" symptoms (such as fever, aches and pains and fatigue), and then increases to "wet" symptoms (such as diarrhea and vomiting) when the person is ill. The primary signs and symptoms of Ebola are some or many of the following: fever aches and pains,

Severe headaches, muscle, and joint pains, abdominal (abdominal) pain

Weakness and fatigue Gastrointestinal symptoms in which diarrhea and vomiting are abdominal (abdominal) pain that is unexplained bleeding, bleeding or bruising. Other symptoms may include red eyes, skin rashes, and hiccups. Many common diseases resemble EVD, including influenza (flu), malaria or typhoid fever. EVD is a rare but serious and often fatal disease. Recovery from EVD depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient's immune response. Survivors of the Ebola virus infection have antibodies (proteins made by the immune system that detect and neutralize the invading virus) that appear in the blood for up to 10 years. Huh. The survivors are expected to have some protective immunity to the type of Ebola.


EVD is clinically difficult to distinguish from other infectious diseases, such as malaria, typhoid fever, and meningitis. Many symptoms of pregnancy and Ebola are also very similar. Because of the risk of pregnancy, pregnant women should be screened rapidly if Ebola is suspected. Symptoms of Ebola virus infection can be diagnosed using the following diagnostic methods:

• Antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

• Antigen-capture detection test

• Serum neutralization test

Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay

• Electron microscopy
Virus Isolation by Cell Culture.

Care should be given to the selection of clinical trials, which take into account the technical and clinical implications of disease characteristics, incidence and prevalence, and test results. It is strongly recommended that clinical trials undergo independent and international evaluation should be considered.

Ebola prevention

It is still unknown how individuals become infected, so it is still difficult to prevent infection. Stop the transmission by:

Ensuring that all health workers wear protective clothing

Implement infection control measures such as complete equipment sterilization and regular use of disinfectants

Separate Ebola patients from exposure to insecure individuals

Hospitals require full sterilization and proper disposal of needles to prevent and prevent further infection

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