Friday, July 17, 2020

What is cancer?

Welcome to the global web. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about What is cancer?


Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the growth of abnormal cells with the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These differ from benign tumors, which do not spread. Possible signs and symptoms include numbness, abnormal bleeding, chronic cough, unexplained weight loss, and changes in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, there may be other causes.  Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or excessive alcohol consumption. Other factors include some infections, exposure to ionizing radiation, and environmental pollutants. In developing countries, 15% of cancers are caused by infections such as Helicobacter pylori, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Human papillomavirus infection, Epstein-Barr virus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These factors work to some extent by altering the genes of the cell. In general, many genetic changes are required before cancer can develop. About 5 to 10% of cancers are caused by genetic defects inherited from a person's parents. Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or tests. It is usually examined by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.

 What is cancer?

Many cancers can be prevented by smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, abstaining from alcohol, eating too many vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, avoiding some infectious diseases, eating too much red and processed meat, and overeating. Exposure to sunlight. . . Early detection is useful for the detection of cervical and colon cancer. The benefits of screening for breast cancer are controversial. Cancer is often treated with a combination of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Pain and pathological management are an important part of care. Palliative care is very important in people with advanced disease. The likelihood of survival depends on the type of cancer and the extent of the disease at the beginning of treatment. In children younger than 15 years of age at diagnosis, the 5-year survival rate in the developed world is an average of 80%.
In 2015, approximately 90.5 million people had cancer. Each year, approximately 14.1 million new cases occur (no skin cancer except melanoma). This accounts for approximately 8.8 million deaths (15.7% of deaths). The most common types of cancer in men are lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and colon cancer. In women, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, and cervical cancer are the most common types. If skin cancer is included in all new cases of melanoma along with melanoma each year, this represents approximately 40% of cases. In children, severe lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors are more common in non-Hodgkin lymphoma, except in Africa. The risk of cancer increases significantly with age and most cancers occur in developed countries. As people live to old age, rates increase and lifestyle changes occur in developing countries. Cause
Causes of cancer
The proportion of tobacco-related cancer deaths in 2016.
In about 90-95% of cases, most cancers are caused by genetic alterations in environmental and lifestyle factors. The environment represents a genetically inherited lifestyle, economic and behavioral factors rather than pollution. Common environmental factors that cause death from cancer are tobacco (25–30%), diet and esophagus (30–35%), infection (15–20%), radiation (ionization and ionization, up to 10%). Lack of physical activity and pollution. Psychological stress does not appear to be a risk factor for the development of cancer, although it may worsen the outcome for those who already have cancer.
Generally, it is not possible to show what causes a particular cancer because there are no specific fingerprints for different reasons. For example, if a person who develops tobacco develops lung cancer, it is most likely caused by tobacco use, but since everyone develops lung cancer as a result of air pollution or radiation, one of them can develop cancer. Reasons. Cancer is not usually infectious except for rare infections with pregnancy and topical organ donors.
Chemical products
More info: Alcohol and Cancer and Smoking and Cancer.
The incidence of lung cancer from smoking is highly correlated.
Exposure to specific substances has been linked to specific types of cancer. These substances are called carcinogens.
 It causes cancer of the larynx, head, neck, stomach, bladder, kidneys, esophagus, and pancreas. Tobacco smoke contains more than fifty known carcinogens, including nitrosamine and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Tobacco is one of the five causes of cancer worldwide and one in three in the developed world. Ung lung cancer deaths in the United States reflect a pattern of smoking, with an increase in smoking, an unprecedented rise in lung cancer mortality, and, more recently, smoking rates since the 1950s. Decreased since 1990, thereafter decreased lung cancer mortality in men.
In Western Europe, 10% of cancers in men and 3% of cancers in women are due to alcohol exposure, most notably the liver and digestive tract cancer. Exposure to work-related substances causes cancer in 2 to 20% of cases, killing at least 200,000 people. Lung cancers like lung cancer and mesothelioma are caused by exposure to tobacco smoke or asbestos fibers or benzene from leukemia.

 What is cancer?

Diet and exercise
Main article: Diet and cancer.
Diet, physical inactivity and escalation are associated with up to 30–35% of cancer deaths the UK study has data from more than 5 million people, showing that a high body mass index is associated with at least 10 types of cancer and causes about 12,000 cases each year in that country. Physical inactivity is believed to contribute to cancer risk, not only through its effects on body weight but also through adverse effects on the immune system and the endocrine system. More than half the impact of food is due to malnutrition (eating more) than eating too few vegetables or other healthy foods.
Certain foods are related to specific cancers. A high salt diet is associated with gastric cancer. Aflatoxin B1 is a common food contaminant that causes liver cancer. Chewing betel nut causes oral cancer. National differences in dietary patterns may partly explain differences in cancer incidence. For example, a high salt diet makes gastric cancer more common in Japan, and colon cancer is more common in the United States

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Hacking your vacation: How cyber-criminals are increasingly targeting the tourism market

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Hacking your vacation: How cybercriminals are increasingly targeting the tourism market in detail.

Hacking your vacation: How cyber-criminals are increasingly targeting the tourism market

How cyber-criminals are increasingly targeting the tourism market
Imagine if a hacker shut down the goods handling system from one of the busiest airports in the world. Or he took control of the freight truck's fleet and redirected them to intercept rush traffic in a major city. What if a hacker demands a ransom to unlock his hijacked digital network?

These scenarios are not remote concepts, according to the latest Internet report from Akamai, one of the world's largest networks and computer service providers. They're just around the corner.

With the development of artificial intelligence, automation, biometrics, and the rapidly expanding Internet of things, technology is evolving. Along with this are a growing and potentially catastrophic risk of malicious actors bringing digital infrastructure and the social services that depend on it.


Even if we are not there yet, this report highlights several disturbing trends that indicate what cybersecurity professionals are already facing.

Rental DDOS
The first concern is with the increase in the frequency and volume of the Distribution Denial Service (DDoS) attacks, a 16% increase over the previous year. These attacks contain large amounts of data on computers. They are used by malicious actors to disrupt and delay networks and make them unavailable to their customers.

The most famous DDoS attacks were in 2007 against Estonia, shutting down banks, media organizations and government ministries.

Fast forward a decade and the volume of data benefiting from such attacks has grown exponentially. The biggest DDoS attack was recorded in February this year against a software development company, Akamai reported. It had a data flow of 1.35 terabytes (1,350 gigabytes) per second.

Due to the vast majority of recent updates from Southern Cross Cable connecting the Australian and New Zealand Internet, the total capacity is estimated at 22 TBPS. Such high volume attacks targeting a single point can have a significant impact on transcontinental and national Internet speeds. Perhaps even more importantly, cybercriminals are being sold and sold on the DDoS technology "Rental DDoS" website.


They are also becoming more sophisticated. Previously seen as the simplest way to exploit Internet traffic, the latest DDoS attacks "botnets" (compromised computer networks) to redirect the flow of data against the target. ) Shows new ways of creating. According to Akamai's report, the attackers are focusing on reducing their attacks and changing their nature.

Hacking Holidays
Cybercriminals will always look for the weakest links. These can be people who never update their passwords and use a regular Wi-Fi network. Or they may be particularly business sectors that are lacking in cybersecurity standards.

The Akamai report highlights that organized cybercriminals have increasingly targeted the tourism market in the past year. There were 3.9 billion malicious login attempts last year against sites affiliated with airlines, cruise lines, hotels, online travel, car rental, and transportation organizations.

Determining who is responsible is a complex issue. Evidence suggests that hotels and travel sites are exploited primarily from Russia and China, and are probably the work of organized cybercriminals who target tourists with easy profits. But more needs to be done to map cyber crime and understand the complex criminal networks that make it clear.

Not everything is hopeless
Although this report warns of bigger, more devastating DDoS attacks before the end of 2018, it is not all doom and gloom. The potential for collaboration is also evident.

In April 2018, the Dutch National High Tech Crime Unit and the UK National Crime Agency implemented the so-called "Operation Shutdown". He was directed to a rental DDoS site, which was responsible for four to six million attacks of DDoS during his lifetime. The successful operation led to arrests and possible criminal cases.
The frequency and power of this type of high-level cybercrime cooperation is increasing. For example, our own National Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) in New Zealand teamed up with our Australian counterpart and CERT throughout the Asia-Pacific region to identify and combat cybercrime. Is working

Therefore, it seems that Trans-Tasman's answers to these problems are also growing.

Why is it so hard to stop spreading false information about COVID-19?

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Why is it so hard to stop spreading false information about COVID-19? in detail.

Why is it so hard to stop spreading false information about COVID-19?


So hard to stop spreading false information about COVID-19
Even before the Coronavirus(COVID-19) was under increasing pressure to change the life and spread of misinformation on social media platforms, globally informatic.

Last year, Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg called for new principles for dealing with "harmful content, electoral integrity, privacy, and data portability."


Now, amid a rapidly evolving epidemic, when more and more people use social media for news and information, it is more important than ever that people trust this content.

Digital platforms are now taking further steps to remove misinformation about COVID-19 in their services. In a joint statement, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Reddit, Twitter, and YouTube have pledged to work together to combat misinformation.

Facebook has traditionally adopted a less active approach to counter anonymous information. Through its commitment to safeguarding free expression, the platform is allowed to become anonymous in political advertising.

However, until recently, Facebook's spam filter inadvertently flagged legitimate information about COVID-19 as spam. Although Facebook has since corrected the error, the incident has automatically revealed the limits of moderate tools.

In a move in the right direction, Facebook is allowing the National Ministry of Health and Trusted Organizations to post accurate information about Code 19 for free. Twitter, which restricts political advertising, allows links to websites from the Australian Department of Health and the World Health Organization.
Twitter has also announced a set of changes to its rules, including an update on how harmful content is being addressed in relation to public health information and automation and The use of machine learning technology increases. Detect and eliminate possible abuse. And manipulative materials.

Previous unsuccessful attempts
Unfortunately, Twitter has failed in its recent efforts to tackle misinformation (or, more precisely, misinformation - intentionally posted with incorrect information).

The platform has begun tagging manipulated videos and images as "manipulation media". The first major test of the move was Democratic presidential nominee Biden's widely-released video, in which a section of a phrase was edited to show that he predicted the election of President Donald Trump. doing.

It took Twitter 18 hours to tag the video, by which time it had already received 5 million views and 21,000 retweets.


This tag appeared at the bottom of the video (rather than being featured) and was only visible to the 757,000 accounts that followed the original poster of the video, Dan Scaquinho, White House social media director. Customers who viewed the content via rewatch from the White House (21 million followers) or President Donald Trump (76 million followers) did not see the tag.

Labeling incorrect information does not work
There are four main reasons why Twitter (and other platforms) 's attempts to tag inaccurate information have failed.

First, social media platforms use automated algorithms for these tasks, because they are on a good scale. But tagging manipulative tweets requires human work. The algorithm cannot explain complex human interactions. Will the social media platform invest in humanitarian work to address this issue? The problems are long.

Second, tweets can be shared millions of times before tagging. Even if they are removed, they can be easily edited and republished to avoid algorithmic detection.

Third, and more importantly, labels can even react and boost the audience's interest. On the contrary, labels can actually increase rather than minimize misinformation.


Finally, creators of misleading content can deny that their content was an attempt to cross and claim unfair censorship, knowing that they will find a sympathetic audience in the social media hypertension field.

So how can we overcome the misinformation?
The situation may seem impossible, but there are some practical strategies that the media, social media platforms and the public can use.

First, refrain from attracting more attention until misinformation reaches a wider audience. Why give it more oxygen than it deserves?

Second, if misunderstanding has reached the point where it needs to be discredited, be sure to emphasize facts rather than just blowing flames. Consult with experts and trusted sources, and use the "truth sandwich" in which you declare the truth, and then give the wrong information, and eventually repeat the truth.

Third, the social media platform should be more willing to remove or ban unreliable content. This can include disabling likes, shares, and retweeting specific posts and preventing users from repeatedly misleading others.

For example, Twitter recently removed false information about the Coronavirus(COVID-19) posted by Rudy Gilani and Charlie Kirk. The Enforce app has been removed from the Google App Store. And perhaps most impressively, Google's Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube removed the misinformation about Brazilian President Javier Bolsonaro's crown.


Lastly, we, as social media users, play an important role in the fight against misinformation. Before sharing something, think carefully about where it came from. Verify the source and its evidence, double-check from other independent sources, and report the suspicious content directly to the platform. Now, more than ever, we need information we can trust.

Smoking increases the risk of your corona virus. There has never been a better time to quit smoking

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Smoking increases the risk of your coronavirus(COVID-19). There has never been a better time to quit smoking in detail.

Smoking increases the risk of your corona virus. There has never been a better time to quit smoking


Smoking increases the risk of your coronavirus(COVID-19)
If you smoke, there will never be a better time to quit. The coronavirus(COVID-19) infects the lungs and causes flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat and fatigue. In very serious cases, patients struggle to breathe and may suffer from respiratory failure.

The World Health Organization recommends that people quit smoking, as they are at increased risk of COVID-19 infection.

What we know about the risk of smoking and COVID-19, and how it can increase your chances of quitting.


Cigarette smoking and the risk of quotient 19
Preliminary data from China show that smoking history is a factor that explains the risk of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients. According to the Australian Institute of Health and Wellness, smoking is a significant risk factor for chronic illness and death.

Smoking is more susceptible to the development of heart diseases, which to date has been shown to be the most risk factor for COVID-19 mortality. According to Oxford University's Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, smoking appears to be associated with poor survival in Italy, where 24% of people smoke.

We know that people who are compromised are at higher risk of infection and cigarette smoke is an immune disease if they receive COVID-19. And mouth smokers make smokers risk of COVID-19 when they frequently cover their mouths and faces.


We do not yet know that the prevalence of quotidian 19 in recent smokers is higher than in those who have never smoked. Since the lungs recover soon after being discharged, being a former smoker reduces your chances of complications from COVID-19.

Reduce your COVID-19 risks by leaving today
The benefits of quitting smoking are almost immediate. Within 24 hours of quitting smoking, the body begins to recover itself. Lung function improves and respiratory symptoms become less severe.

You may not notice these changes immediately, but they will be months after you quit. And the improvement is sustained with long-term avoidance.

Small hairs of the lungs and airways (called cilia) improve the removal of mucus and debris. You will begin to feel that you are breathing easily.

Symptoms of chronic bronchitis, such as chronic cough, mucus production, and wheezing, tend to decrease rapidly. In asthma patients, lung function improves within a few months of release, and treatment is more effective.


Along with quitting smoking, respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia also decrease. People should seek behavioral counseling to work through smoking cessation, coping strategies, and engaging exercise techniques.

And you can get behavioral support from your doctor or psychologist when you leave hotlines in your state or region or online.


Several studies have reported that some people quit smoking without help. If you feel you need extra help, talk to your doctor about nicotine chewing gums, patches, inhalers, pills or prescription medications. If you can't get to the GP, you can try telehealth consultation or consider more than counter products.

Smoking increases the risk of your corona virus. There has never been a better time to quit smoking

Avoid smoking during the lockdown
Physical distance and blocking measures can make it difficult for you to get the support you need to quit smoking, but it is not impossible.

If financial stress is hurting your efforts to quit, find out how much money you can save by quitting smoking (and whatever you do, don't share cigarettes with anyone else). If Quad 19 has impacted your income, financing can help.

Community support, even during the closure, is an important one. Why not organize a group of friends who want to give up and support each other through House Party, Zoom or Skype.

Infectious or non-pandemic, smoking is a major threat to your health and can also hurt your finances.

Anything you do now to reduce your smoking or quit smoking will reduce your risk if you get Code 19, which will help you to survive longer. And enjoy a better life. We wish them all the best.

Monday, April 13, 2020

Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" that is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global in detail.


Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global

Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous
COVID-19 pandemic disease has spread to almost every country on earth. And yet, many US officials call it the "Wuhan virus" or "Chinese virus."

Chinese American enmity in this regard is nothing new. But while deliberately achieving a political goal for the Trump administration, with Wuhan, and China in general, Kwid-Dabai's disease, it has important implications for civil society and public health as well.


As public health and modern African historian, I study politics and respond to infectious diseases. In addition to inflating racism, emphasizing the external and external origins of disease also affects how people perceive their risk of disease and whether they change their behavior.

WHO guidelines are clear
Although the onset of a new disease may seem intuitive, its history suggests that doing so may harm people living there.

This can result in economic difficulties, as tourists retreat, investment cools and people's solidarity weakens. Connecting a particular disease to a specific location can lead to prejudice, notoriety and to avoid a city or town.
The WHO tried to end the disease with ventilation, as was the case with Cody 19's cousin, Marys (Middle East respiratory syndrome) in 2012, and many others in the past.

Therefore, on February 11, the WHO recommended the use of the COVID-19, referring to the new coronavirus, which was currently making people sick and dead in Central China and other parts of East Asia. Other experts agreed, but they distinguished between the virus that causes the disease, known as SARS-KO-2, and the disease itself.

The name Pathogen (a coronavirus, VOC), appears due to the nature of the disease (an infectious disease), and it's the beginning year (2019).

A long tradition of naming places
When a disease is identified, a place has a long history of being labeled.


In the 19th century, as global trade and mobility allowed cholera to spread to the Ganges Delta since its inception, the disease quickly became known as "Asian cholera." The label lasted for decades, meaning the entire continent was blamed for a disease that could spread anywhere on poor hygiene.
For Europeans and Americans at that time, Asia, Asia was a foreign and remote location. Describing the catastrophic cholera disease as "Asian" fits the ethnic imperialist ideology that hampered the intelligence and culture of non-white populations around the world. It also helped justify serious measures and travel restrictions for those who read "Asian", not European. For example, Muslim pilgrims from South Asia to Mecca were subject to different laws than European military ships traveling on the same routes.

Ideas about this disease changed in the late 1800s when scientists used new labs to link specific pathogens (bacteria, parasites, and later, viruses) to specific diseases. At times it gave an ancient problem, such as "consumption," a scientific name that became a TB medical entity.

But these new techniques also allowed researchers to correlate pathogens with specific sites. Named after a place, it was immediately normal to name a disease.

So the Rift Valley fever, caused by a virus in the Bonaireidae family, got its name from an area of ​​colonial Kenya where it was first reported.

The Hunta virus is related to the Hunan River in South Korea, where Dr. Ho-Wang Li first identified the virus. Scientists deliberately chose this name and tried to prevent any city from being the source of fever.

Focusing on a particular place creates something special that could happen anywhere. There is nothing particularly striking about the Nigerian city of Lisa. Lisa was the first place where the death of a white missionary caught the attention of the authorities. And yet, after that moment, when "Lassa Fever" came to identify a terrible hemorrhagic fever, the city of Lassa became its shadow.


Similarly, Norwalk, Ohio, is still linked to its affiliation with the Norovirus, first known in 1968 in an outbreak in the small Midwestern town. 
Calling COVID-19 a "Chinese virus" is inaccurate and dangerous: the epidemic is global


To commit a crime by name
In China, insists on emphasizing the origin of COVID-19, though the disease is now global, plays with racial stereotypes, including culture and food.

For example, around the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD), people in West Africa were mistakenly blamed for widespread outbreaks.

The earliest EVD talk, especially marked by the African name, focused on eating the term neophyte, "Ghoshmate," which describes the meat of hunted animals rather than pets. Talking about "inclusiveness" allowed people with EVD to have an ancient or exotic feature. It also indicated that West Africans were the first to bring EVDs around the world because of what they eat or how they live their lives.

In fact, ahead of rural Guinea, the widespread prevalence of EVD in 2014-15 had much to do with the health-related health of the affected countries and had little to do with food.

A similar process revealed with claims that a "wet market" in Wuhan was responsible for the spread of the zoonotic, which resulted in Quid19. Scientists do not yet know how relevant Wuhan's livestock market is to this global outbreak, though they do know that viruses jump from animals to humans and return frequently.

Recent research suggests that a "wet market" in Wuhan was related to human-to-human interaction, rather than as a place of contact with humans. Ultimately, Wuhan's historic status as a national high-speed rail and commercial hub maybe even more important for the widespread of COVID-19 than where and how people ate and ate.

Focusing on the wrong things
For the biologist and epidemiologist, it is important to understand the disease environment and the transmission patterns at one point. But permanently linking disease to a particular location, especially when there are other terms of consensus, becomes the focus of public attention just before the outbreak.

This focus focuses on how the emerging disease has reached the human population, sending a mixed message about who is at risk of infection or how to prevent it from the ongoing outbreak. Exactly the same situation is currently happening in the United States.

Once a disease begins to circulate in a human population, its approach is to try to stay healthy with the general public or to engage in healthcare professionals who can control one outbreak from one person to another. Is trying, For example, good hygiene of hands and respiratory tract. Or access to medical care.


In addition, labeling China or Wuhan in the midst of this global outbreak discourages the sense of responsibility and basic human interaction, the values ​​that are important during this humanitarian crisis.

For many Americans focusing on the emergence of the new Coronavirus in a foreign location, US officials are emphasizing the disease's past origins rather than its current danger. The re-creation of COVID-19's "foreign" origin in Wuhan and China gives governments a chance to accuse it. But it also allows people to justify their lack of caution: this is an "over there" problem, not that "we" get worse, rather than reduce the spread of the disease. Take the necessary daily steps.


Calling COVID-19 a "Wuhan virus" or a "Chinese virus" is ridiculous when it is spread across the globe. Deliberately referring to COVID-19 as a "Chinese virus" only arouses enmity and is a hindrance to real healthcare practices and diseases.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Analysis | South Africa needs to end the blockade: Here is a plan to replace it

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Analysis | South Africa needs to end the blockade: Here is a plan to replace it in detail.

Analysis | South Africa needs to end the blockade: Here is a plan to replace it



South Africa needs to end the blockade
Public debate about strategies to tackle COVID-19 often uses economic and health-related ideas as non-profit trading. In fact, economic policy has health consequences. And the economic consequences of health policy. Both should be viewed as part of an integrated whole.

In the case of South Africa, the country is currently facing three bilateral problems. These are the health risks of COVID-19 pandemic diseases, the economic and health implications of the blockade and the many complex economic problems that are not directly linked to the current pandemic disease. These include high unemployment, low economic growth and declining per capita income.

A possible actionable response to COVID-19 will focus on all three aspects of the concert. This is especially important because the country plans to take the next step in its response after the closure. Focusing solely on health challenges and not paying attention to economic problems will result in significant economic costs and also worsening health problems.

Our view is that prolonged blockade does not necessarily have the effect of getting rid of the virus country, but it will have unacceptably high health and economic consequences.

Costs

The initial block was sensible and reduced the risk of SARS-CoV-2 spreading to the community.

But the exact number of cases of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 disease) is difficult to pinpoint. A limited number of tests have been conducted and the whole group has been delayed in detecting suspected cases of infection.

The evidence available on the CoVID-19 epidemic suggests that any early prevention of this disease through blockade will be of little use. In addition, the aggressive community-wide screening of SARS Kovi2 contagious cases will result in the absence of isolated screening cases, and in cases where their close contact is interrupted for at least 14 days.

In addition, the simultaneous destruction of both demand and the supply of the economy under widespread blockade can permanently hurt South Africa.

It will have unintended long-term health and financial losses. For example, prolonged interruptions may result in poor access to other health services, such as vaccinations for children.

The economic effects of the blockade are also serious.

Early forecasts suggest a major economic hurdle in the current blockade, costing the economy a daily R13 billion. Initial estimates from the Reserve Bank of South Africa show that South Africa could lose 370,000 jobs by 2020. Private banking analysts estimate (based on the initial 21-day blockade) a GDP decline of 7% over 2020, leading to a fiscal deficit. 12% of GDP (6.8% forecast in the 2020 budget) and the debt-to-GDP ratio is more than 81% in 2021. This means that public finances, which are already limited, will be limited.

Towards an end-to-end strategy
Globally, the focus is on short- and medium-term risk-based healthcare and economic strategies through large scale barriers to early control. We offer some out-of-date restrictions on economic and health policy in South Africa.

In this, we go beyond the following assumptions.

Unless a vaccine is introduced (not yet produced) in South Africa or enough natural immunity is obtained in the population, SARS-Co-2 will not be staged. Therefore, it is important to establish and maintain a sustainable mitigation strategy for COVID-19 for the remainder of 2020, or until a vaccine is available (a promising timeframe of 18-24 months).
Widespread blockade due to the harmful effects of COVID-19 is not a viable long-term prevention strategy, including long-term effects on society, public health and the economy.
Removal of blockade without proper sanitary and economic measures will result in more than COVID-19 fatalities, leading to further economic problems.
South Africa's current economic and health strategy must go beyond the current blockade to ensure better health care and remain economically sustainable. We argue that the country needs to change its risk-free strategy, which provides effective protection for health and allows some economic activity to resume.

Researchers from both Germany and the Indian state of Kerala have supported this view.

As a result, the following objectives should be central to any policy.

First, reduce the rapid spread of the virus, while allowing the population's natural immunity to grow slowly.
Second, strengthen the health care system to ensure maximum treatment for patients with COVID-19 and other serious diseases.
Third, protecting people from quotient 19 at high risk of serious illness;
Fourth, make economic activities possible by taking steps to manage the health risks associated with these activities.

Economic and health strategies.
At the highest level, three comprehensive intervention strategies are available for South Africa (summarized in the table below), consistent with a recent article by Australian health educator James Troyer, Ben Muras and Emma McBride. We believe there are only three options for South Africa. And the details of its implementation are important.
The health strategy is based on an extended general blockade that is economically unstable. It is also harmful to the public. Instead, we need unified health and economic strategy that allows for some economic activity while preventing the spread of the virus. It requires that a number of sanitary and economic measures be implemented in a cohesive manner.

First, in order to reduce the rate of infection, the country should have the ability to conduct large-scale virus tests and effective communication before the end of April 2020. It should also have a holistic approach to community distance. Relying solely on the detection of symptomatic individuals will not effectively reduce the rate of infection, as high viral loads of SARS-Co-2 occur in pre-symptomatic and potentially diseased individuals in the upper airway.

To be successful, the scale of the tests must be at least equal to that of South Korea (17,332 tests in South Africa daily, 1 out of 150 people diagnosed). At most, this should be the equivalent of performing in Germany (36,399 tests per day in South Africa).

As a result of test response times, the victims should be identified no later than 12 to 24 hours. Immediately after that, isolation and contact should be detected. The quarantine isolate must be kept for at least 14 days, at home, if applicable, or in designated isolation and quarantine facilities.

The annual cost of testing 17,000 a day is approximately R5 billion. It may cost an additional R4 billion annually for contact detection and quarantine. These costs are in line with the typical blockade's daily economic cost (R13 billion).

Second, economic activities should be allowed in the manner intended to prevent the spread of the virus. Within the limits of the above-mentioned health strategy, a risk-based economic strategy is needed that balances economic and health deterioration.

Decisions about the diversification of the economy should be made according to the criteria suggested in a recent article by German researchers. This includes, for example, opening the first low-risk sector (highly automated factories) and a less vulnerable population (childcare facilities). It may also include areas in which infection rates are low and quotidian. Indeed. , This decision should be based on careful consideration of factors such as the composition and structure of households in South Africa and public transport.


To do this, the country will need fine data about the extent and location of any virus-spreading community. Such data will be extensively researched and reproduced through accurate information in accordance with the safety and health protocols of certain sectors of the economy.

Monday, April 6, 2020

Top reasons to prefer Laravel for beginner app development

Welcome to the WorldofArtical. Today, in this article, I will tell you and discuss the information about Top reasons to prefer Laravel for beginner app development in detail.

Top reasons to prefer Laravel for beginner app development

Laravel for beginner app development
For beginners, there is an endless list of complex, many challenges and complex decisions. These decisions are as important to everyone as the following, for those individuals who are only looking for their feet in the business world, these decisions can be taken or broken. And although the list of startup questions is often lengthy, we'll focus on one factor in particular: Which framework should you choose for a company web app? Before moving on to this question, you need to make another important decision, namely what language should you use to build your web application? Now, there are many options to choose from. But most of the time, people opt out of PHP. Why? We will save this debate for another day. For now, focus on the frame.


Now, you have chosen PHP to create a web application for your startup. Then, the next thing on your list is: Which frame should you attach to? This, again, is a complex task as it requires careful consideration and analysis before making a final call. And while there is no shortage of strong PHP frameworks in the world, there is one name that has always been a great choice for developers. Ladies and gentlemen greet Laraval. Largely regarded as one of the most lucrative options in the market, Laravel is an open-source framework that supports the famous MVC architecture. Of course, these are not the only things that make a great start-up. We've listed some of its other benefits, especially for startups.

 Laravel for beginner app development


Easy tutorial access : 
                                                  Even experts need help from time to time, so it's important to have access to lessons that can easily help developers with the framework. Laurel takes care of this nifty little thing called Larcastus, a file that contains free and paid lessons. The LarkList extension also offers other benefits, such as automatically updating the framework after each scenario, improved workflow, lower code, and more.
Performance enhancement :
                                                                 This is another factor that is important globally and even more important for startups. And to counter this challenge, Laravel is fully loaded with many components and functions that are ready to boost the performance of the application in every respect.

World-Class Web Traffic Management: 
Although good web traffic is a must for everyone with a web presence when it comes to startups. So its quality is a bit higher. They need to make sure that they have the right steps in place to ensure that the web application can handle the network traffic effectively. Laravel not only ensures all of this, but it also ensures that the web application can withstand any challenge that comes it's the way.

An extensive list of built-in features: 
In addition to being an open-source framework, Laurel gets an extensive library and also supports a wide range of built-in features and functionality. So, whether it's API access or third-party plugin integration, there's no need to worry too much when using larval. Oh, and it offers many other features such as authentication, payment gateway integration, larval security packages and more that help companies and developers save valuable time.



So there you have, for many, many reasons why Lariwalk is a great choice for startups. But before deciding to get the Larval Website Development Services, we suggest that you do your homework and carefully analyze your needs. This will allow the provider to better meet your needs.